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Drishti (Aspect)
Every planet "sees" other planets and houses. The magnitude of this drishti or aspect varies from zero to 60'. Outer planets (Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) have some extra rules, while all other planets have aspects according to a common plan. Following picture shows the scheme of aspects according to BPHS (Brihat Parāshara Horā Shāstra). Its explanation follows the picture below.
The planet which casts the aspect or drishti, ie, which sees is called Drishtā or Viewer. The planet or house which is viewed is called Drishya (literally, "scene"). The angular difference between Drishya and Drishtā is the argument on which the magnitude of Drishti depends ; this argument is shown in red in the picture.
Argument = Drishya  Drishtā
Drishya may be either another planet or any housemiddle or housesandhi. If the argument is negative, add 360 degrees to make it positive.
If the argument is between zero and 30 degrees, or between 300 and 360 (=0) degrees, then the Drishti is zero.
If the argument is between 30 and 60 degrees, then the Drishti gradually rises from zero for 30 degrees to 15' for 60 degrees, a total rise of +15' in Drishti for a rise of 30 degrees in argument. Drishti for intermediate angles of argument should be computed according to arithmetcal averaging, eg, for an argument of 45 degrees Drishti will be 7.5'.
If the argument is between 60 and 90 degrees, then the Drishti rises from 15' for 60 degrees and 15' for 60 degrees, a total rise of +15' in Drishti for a rise of 30 degrees in argument. For an argument of 75 degrees Drishti will be 22.5'.
Drishti for remaining values of argument can be similarly deduced from the picture. Maximum Drishti is 60' for an argument of 180 degrees. The values of Drishti for arguments in multiple of 30 degrees are shown just within the circle.
Outside this circle, the special Drishtis of outer planets are shown. For instance, Mars has a fulkl Drishti of 60' for arguments of 90 and 210 degrees, in addition to 180 degrees at which all planets including Mars have full Drishti of 60'.
Thus, when Mars has an argument of 75 degrees, its Drishti will be average of 15 and 60; ie, equal to 37.5', while Saturn will have a Drishti equal to average of 60' and 45' (=52.5') and all other planets will have a Drishti equal to average of 15' and 45' (=30').
It is easy to see that after 180 degrees of argument, the arguments for maximum Drishti of outer planets are in accordance to their distance from Earth (or from Sun), ie, in the order MaJuSa (ie, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn). But in the first half where argument is below 180 degrees, this MaJuSa sequence is replaced with another sequence JuMaSa. The reason is clear : Jupiter has maximum Drishti on 5th and 9th houses or Trikonas (5th house means average argument = 120 degrees, and 9th house means average argument = 240 degrees). 5th and 9th houses are benefics and are therefore related to Jupiter. 4th house of Land and 8th is related to Mars. 3rd and 10th are related to Saturn.
The planet which casts the aspect or drishti, ie, which sees is called Drishtā or Viewer. The planet or house which is viewed is called Drishya (literally, "scene"). The angular difference between Drishya and Drishtā is the argument on which the magnitude of Drishti depends ; this argument is shown in red in the picture.
Argument = Drishya  Drishtā
Drishya may be either another planet or any housemiddle or housesandhi. If the argument is negative, add 360 degrees to make it positive.
If the argument is between zero and 30 degrees, or between 300 and 360 (=0) degrees, then the Drishti is zero.
If the argument is between 30 and 60 degrees, then the Drishti gradually rises from zero for 30 degrees to 15' for 60 degrees, a total rise of +15' in Drishti for a rise of 30 degrees in argument. Drishti for intermediate angles of argument should be computed according to arithmetcal averaging, eg, for an argument of 45 degrees Drishti will be 7.5'.
If the argument is between 60 and 90 degrees, then the Drishti rises from 15' for 60 degrees and 15' for 60 degrees, a total rise of +15' in Drishti for a rise of 30 degrees in argument. For an argument of 75 degrees Drishti will be 22.5'.
Drishti for remaining values of argument can be similarly deduced from the picture. Maximum Drishti is 60' for an argument of 180 degrees. The values of Drishti for arguments in multiple of 30 degrees are shown just within the circle.
Outside this circle, the special Drishtis of outer planets are shown. For instance, Mars has a fulkl Drishti of 60' for arguments of 90 and 210 degrees, in addition to 180 degrees at which all planets including Mars have full Drishti of 60'.
Thus, when Mars has an argument of 75 degrees, its Drishti will be average of 15 and 60; ie, equal to 37.5', while Saturn will have a Drishti equal to average of 60' and 45' (=52.5') and all other planets will have a Drishti equal to average of 15' and 45' (=30').
It is easy to see that after 180 degrees of argument, the arguments for maximum Drishti of outer planets are in accordance to their distance from Earth (or from Sun), ie, in the order MaJuSa (ie, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn). But in the first half where argument is below 180 degrees, this MaJuSa sequence is replaced with another sequence JuMaSa. The reason is clear : Jupiter has maximum Drishti on 5th and 9th houses or Trikonas (5th house means average argument = 120 degrees, and 9th house means average argument = 240 degrees). 5th and 9th houses are benefics and are therefore related to Jupiter. 4th house of Land and 8th is related to Mars. 3rd and 10th are related to Saturn.
vinay_jha 
Latest page update: made by vinay_jha
, Mar 29 2010, 3:30 AM EDT
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